Wetlands and Riparian Areas
make up less than 3.3% of the total area in the state of Montana, yet they are the most critical habitat to the majority of Montana’s wildlife.
Wetlands and riparian areas are important for:
Flood control and Purification
Wetlands are not only critical to Montana’s wildlife populations, they also capture, store, and naturally purify waters. The diversity of water-loving plants within a wetland help take up excess nutrients and many can take up heavy metals such as zinc, lead and copper that can be detrimental to both humans and aquatic life.
Wetlands also trap a great amount of sediment, reducing the amount of sedimentation in creeks, streams and rivers.
A wetland also has the capacity to capture, hold and store excess runoff from a flood event, decreasing a floods impact and potential damage on its surrounding communities.
Online sources for more information: